Around the globe, approximately people between the figures of 100 to 150 million are sufferers — roughly the equivalent of the population of the Russian Federation — suffer from asthma and this number is rising. Deaths from this condition have reached over 180,000 annually across the world.
We all are informed about the definition of asthma. But what we don’t know is the definition of bronchial asthma. Bronchial asthma is a plight of the lungs characterized by omnipresent inadequate or narrowing of the airways due to contraction of the smooth muscle like edema of the mucosa as well as the presence of mucus in the lumen of the bronchi and bronchioles. Due to a series of an allergic condition, spasmogens, and vasoactive substances are released.
When someone is referring to bronchial asthma, they are indeed talking about asthma, which is as known, a chronic inflammatory disease of the airways.
Symptoms of Bronchial Asthma
People, who are affected by bronchial asthma, they have one or more of the following symptoms:
- Tightness of chest
- Shortness of breath
- Excessive coughing
- cough that keeps you awake at night
Bronchial Asthma Triggers
The factors that trigger bronchial asthma are:
- secondhand smoke
- Affected by infections for example flu, cold or pneumonia
- Allergens such as food,
- Allergen that include pollen, dust mites and mold
- Allergens such as pet dander
- Air pollution
- Weather (changes in temperature)
- Drugs (like NSAIDs, and beta-blockers)
- Food additives
- Emotional stress
- Singing, crying or laughing
- Other fragrances
- Acid reflux
Diagnosing Bronchial Asthma
Asthma symptoms don’t occur when you are visiting the doctor. There is nothing to worry about in this situation. All you need is to do observe or examine the symptoms carefully and keep a not about it. When you visit the doctor, do not forget to include all the problems that are troubling you due to the disease, asthma. Also in case of your children, follow the same routine. Besides that, please check your reaction or your child’s reaction when doing exercise, or when you caught a bad cold and lastly after smelling smoke. Besides, in a recent study, doctors have complained that some children have an asthma attack soon after smelling perfume.
Lung function tests for asthma include numerous action plans to pinpoint lung problems. The two recurrent pulmonary function tests for asthma are methacholine challenge tests and spirometry.
Spirometry: This lung function is a way to determine how many airway obstructions you have. The test is very simple. All you have to do is breath normally as you do. The breathing is a kind of test that will measure how quickly you can exhale air out of your lungs and how much you inhale. This test must be done to help your doctor to work out for you the perfect treatment plan.
Methacholine challenge test: this test is done when the results of spirometry do not comprehensibly establish a diagnosis of asthma. This pulmonary function test for asthma is frequently done by adults rather than in children. Methacholine is a type of catalyst. When the agent is inhaled, the airways contracts involuntarily. The result will be narrowing of the airways if asthma is present.
Bronchial asthma is a disease that cannot be cured. But handling the condition with great care may decrease the chances of death and increase the possibility to live happily for a long period of time.